3 Conversion Psychology Principles to Test on Your Landing Page

Peer inside the mind of your prospect to create higher-converting landing pages. Not in a creepy way. Image source.

Landing page optimization isn’t just about tactics.

Sure, there are many tactical ways to improve your conversion rate: test your CTA button copy, test a shorter page, change this picture, make that button bigger…

But if you don’t understand the more strategic side of things – the psychological wizardry that goes into a winning landing page – then your optimization efforts are just a shot in the dark.

Here are three psychological principles that will help you make your offer more persuasive – and turn your landing page into a conversion gold mine.

1. The psychology of pleasure: What will make prospects feel happy?

Epicurus was one of the first pleasure psychologists.

From his teaching, experimentation and deep thinking, Epicurus created a theory of happiness — a theory of human nature as a whole. And the bottom line is this:

People make choices based on what will make them happy.

The pursuit of happiness is every individual’s greatest desire, according to the philosopher. No one is going to intentionally choose pain unless they think it will somehow make them happy.

How do you apply the psychology of pleasure to landing pages?

When it comes to creating a high-converting landing page, there are many things you can do to align yourself with your prospects’ unbridled search for happiness:

  1. People think of themselves first. Focus on them. Use the word “you” a lot. Refer to their wellbeing, the choice they’re making and how it’ll make them feel.
  2. People feel happy when they have a clear sense of understanding about the product or service. Show pictures of the product in context, or at the very least, clearly describe it.
  3. People feel happy when they know that other people are happy (non-enemies, of course). Feature testimonials of happy, smiling customers.
  4. People feel happy when they are brought to a satisfying and logical conclusion. Use a longform landing page with a clear start, cognitive flow, conclusion and call to action.
  5. People feel happy when they see visuals they like. Incorporate visuals that humans have been scientifically proven to appreciate:
    1. Happy people.
    2. Cute animals.
    3. Bright colors.
  6. People feel happy when they read happy words. Write copy that is upbeat, delightful, optimistic and nonthreatening.

The psychology of pleasure in action

The landing page below by KISSmetrics packs many of these psychological insights into one powerful, pleasing page.


Notice their use of the word “you” (x2). Notice the clarity of the offer. Notice the smiling face. Notice how KISSmetrics does it all with absolute simplicity, obvious cognitive flow and an abundance of whitespace.

Or how about this landing page by Fast Track?


See what’s going on here? They’ve got a picture of a smiling dude. The headline and supporting copy are highly optimistic. An anxious seller receives the assurance that this company will sell their home – fast. Just look at that upbeat testimonial!


Don’t forget to test everything

Understanding these principles will only take you so far; you still need to test your assumptions. As CrazyEgg writer Scott Martin explains in this article about happiness:

It’s impossible to find significant testing data when it comes to stressing happiness over other approaches.

What he’s getting at is that every audience finds pleasure in something different.

So you’ve got to test.

2. The psychology of pain: What do they want to avoid?

Epicurus, the philosopher who wrote about pleasure, once penned this:

The magnitude of pleasure reaches its limit in the removal of all pain.

Whether mental or physical, we’re wired to avoid pain. It sounds relatively simple, but understanding this can come in handy when setting up your next campaign.

How can you apply the psychology of pain to landing pages?

When it comes to apply the psychology of pain to your landing page, it’s about avoidance. What do your prospects most want to avoid?

If you can cause people to remember or feel the pain of something, then they will respond by seeking to avoid it — and, assuming you’ve done things correctly, that means they’ll convert.

A quick example should help clarify this:


Charlottesville Medical Research’s landing page is effective because:

  • It pinpoints where prospects hurt. The headline, “Do you hide your double chin?” exposes the feeling of shame that prospects may feel. Both the supporting copy and imagery (a woman trying to hide her chin from view) evoke feelings of embarrassment.
  • If offers the solution. The headline above the opt-in form promises a potential solution, in the form of a research study for reducing excess fat under the chin.

Similarly, check out how Bills.com employs the psychology of pain on their landing page:

Bills.com cuts right to the heart of the matter. Image source.

Many people feel a high degree of anxiety due to finances. Bills.com doesn’t shy away from poking that and digging around a little bit.

They want you to feel the pain of your debt so they can help erase it.

Starting the customer relationship off by making them think of pain and draws on individual incentives to alleviate that pain. And that results in a desire to find a solution – making prospects likely to convert.

3. The psychology of spending: How much do they want to spend?

When it comes to spending there are two kinds of people in the world: spenders and savers.

These tendencies seem to be hardwired into our personality, as described by Rick, Cryder and Loewenstein in their paper, “Tightwads and Spendthrifts.” (Great research by the way. I recommend it.)

The paper explains that every customer that buys from you will land on your page knowing a range of approximately how much they want to spend.

You can gently influence that price range with techniques such as framing, but the way they’ll react to the price of your offer is largely pre-determined and hardwired in their brains.

How can you apply the psychology of spending to landing pages?

Leveraging the psychology of spending on your landing page is all about aligning yourself with your prospects’ expectations:

  • Find your prospects’ ideal price point and show them that number.
    If you understand the ideal price point for your prospects, why swim upstream? Go with the flow and tell them what they want to hear.
  • Show prospects how much they’ll save by purchasing your product.
    Frugal people are driven by loss aversion. For penny-pinchers, the motivation not to lose something is greater than the desire to gain something; they want to see dollars saved. Similarly, you can experiment with telling penny-pinchers how much money they will lose if they don’t buy your product.

Check out this example from Geico:


Nailed it. They consistently focus on how much you’ll save if you switch to their insurance.

Psychology gives you the key to higher-converting landing pages

Peek under the hood of this wonderful thing called the human brain and you’ll find that there’s power in psychology.

Just remember that these principles aren’t silver bullets for conversion. Understanding them simply allows us to formulate smarter A/B testing hypotheses. You still need to test.

Our minds work in certain ways and operate on certain principles. When we grasp those principles, we are holding the key to unlocking torrents of conversions.

Ready to create landing pages that really resonate with prospects?

More to the point, are you ready to create pages that convert?

— Jeremy Smith


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About Jeremy Smith
Jeremy Smith is a serial entrepreneur, trainer and conversion consultant, helping businesses like IBM, Dow Chemical, American Express, Panera Bread, and Wendys improve conversions and strategically grow their businesses. Jeremy’s experience as the CMO and CEO of technology firms has given him a powerful understanding of human behavior and profit-boosting techniques. Join thousands of in-house marketers by downloading a copy of his latest ebook: Landing Page Optimization for In-House Marketers.
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  1. Azizul Yusof

    Just wanna say thanks for the article.

    A very helpful tips to be considered to when designing a Landing Page.

    Definitely bookmarking it for later reference.

    • Jeremy Smith

      Hi Azizul,

      Thank you so much for the kind words. I am glad I could provide some assistance and guidance along the path of designing a landing page. Let me know how it goes!!

  2. Pankaj

    Hey Jeremy,

    Really important points, I totally relate with these psychologies. I know how desperately I try to avoid any pain, problem or issue. And I always want to be happy. If these basic psychologies are included in any landing page, it certainly increases the chances of conversion.

    • Jeremy Smith

      Hi Pankaj,

      Thanks for the comment Pankaj. I agree, any basic principles that you can apply (and test) will give you some leverage by increasing your chances for quality conversions.

  3. Yuvrajsinh

    Hi Jeremy,

    Well written.!

    The basic psychology, I always follow to develop real connection on online platform, and that can only developed by “The psychology of pleasure”

    Thanks for sharing it.

  4. J.Duncan - Paperless Creations

    Using the pain one scares me a little. If done wrong, it may make the visitor feel too guilty and have them leave?

    I may be over thinking it haha.

    • Jeremy Smith

      Hi J. Duncan,

      Thanks for the comments. Pain is a funny topic. Overthinking this is actually much more common than you may think. Great thing is, we can always test different elements so as to either confirm or deny the fact that we may be driving the users away. Thanks for making me smile today re-reading your comment. :)

  5. David Counsell

    Great article – thanks for sharing the information. Always looking for ways to make the messaging more powerful.

    • Jeremy Smith

      Hi David,

      Thanks for sharing. I am in the same boat as constantly looking for ways to make messaging more powerful. It’s one of those things that can come to you on the drive in, on a subway ride, or just sitting around thinking about things. It’s always interesting when something new like this hits me and I immediately want to go implement it. :)

  6. Frank Hernandez

    Hi Jeremy,

    Thank you for this valuable content. I have heard and read this before all over the net but reading your article really made it crystal clear for me.

    • Jeremy Smith

      Hi Frank. Thank you so much for the kind words. I always feel like I may be just writing about something that someone has already talked about in an infinite number of ways. I always strive to break things down differently and based on my experiences. Sometimes just a different perspective on topics can make all the difference in the world. Thanks again for the great comments.

  7. Mac

    Your business will definitely grow once you have leveraged the most effective methods of online marketing, particularly utilizing these psychology principles with your landing page. They will more likely result to conversion. Great article.

    • Jeremy Smith

      Mac, I appreciate the comments. I couldn’t agree more with what you say. :). Very glad you enjoyed the article. More to come. :)

  8. Daksha Digitas

    Thank you so much for this rich content. I really enjoyed it.